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Models of Supervision Relevant to the Delivery of Effective Correctional Service  

Author:  Alan W.  Leschied.; Anne L.  Cummings.; Linda L.  Baker.

Source: Volume 14, Number 04, Summer 2005 , pp.6-14(9)

Journal of Community Justice (formerly Journal of Community Corrections)

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Martinson and Shamsie: “Nothing Works.”During the past two decades, shifts in criminal justice policy have significantly influenced the role of correctional workers in both the adult and youth justice systems. Beginning during the late 1970s, the lingering effects of the “nothing works” pronouncements gave rise to “get tough” policies such three strikes, boot camps, and other strict discipline programs. The impact from the negative reviews of the correctional literature by Martinson (1974) in the United States and Shamsie (1981) in Canada cannot be overstated. For mental health and correctional workers, the influence from these reviews was reflected in the perception that their role with clients was to be punitive in nature (Gendreau, 1999).


Affiliations:  1: University of Western Ontario; 2: Master of Education Counselling Psychology Program at the Faculty of Education; 3: London Family Court Clinic.

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