Home      Login

The Origins of WISP  

Author:  Angela  Hawken.

Source: Volume 16, Number 04, November/December 2012 , pp.49-54(6)

Offender Programs Report

next article > |return to table of contents


Hawaii’s Opportunity for Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) model, which relies on swift yet modest sanctions in response to probation violations, led to a sizable reduction in prison stays and costs in the state. These savings led a dozen continental U.S. states to test similar interventions. Washington was among the first states to implement the HOPE model for parolees, with the January 2011 launch of a pilot program in Seattle named the Washington Intensive Supervision Program (WISP). Hawken details WISP’s development, operations, connection to the HOPE principles, and program features.

Keywords: WISP; HOPE; Hawaii's Opportunity Probation with Enforcement; Washington Intensive Supervision Program

Affiliations:  1: Pepperdine University School of Public Policy.

Subscribers click here to open full text in PDF.
Non-subscribers click here to purchase this article. $20

next article > |return to table of contents