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The Psychoneuroimmunology of Traumatic Stress on Heart Disease and Diabetes  

Author:  Kathleen Kendall-Tackett, Ph.D..

Source: Volume 01, Number 01, Summer 2008 , pp.45-59(15)

Family & Intimate Partner Violence Quarterly

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Heart disease is the number one killer of both men and women in the United States. In addition, the rates of Type II diabetes are rising at an alarming rate among Americans, as is the precursor to diabetes: metabolic syndrome. Much of the rise in these diseases is due to lifestyle issues, diet, and lack of exercise. A factor that is seldom considered in the etiology of these conditions, however, is a history of family violence. As this article describes, family violence increases risk of all three—even years after the abuse has ended. This article describes how abuse increases risk and what adult survivors can do about it.


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