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All Implementation Is Local: Initial Findings From the Process Evaluation of the Honest Opportunity Probation With Enforcement (HOPE) Demonstration Field Experiment  

Author:  Gary  Zajac.; Pamela K.  Lattimore.; Debbie  Dawes.; Laura  Winger.

Source: Volume 19, Number 06, March/April 2016 , pp.81-87(7)

Offender Programs Report

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The HOPE model—emphasizing close monitoring; frequent drug testing; and certain, swift, and consistent sanctioning—was developed in 2004 in Hawaii. HOPE is rooted in deterrence theories suggesting that effective probation must create a context in which probationers perceive a high probability that violations will be followed by swift and certain punishment. This article reports on the process evaluation of the HOPE Demonstration Field Experiment (DFE) conducted by the authors over the past three years and discusses the findings to date.

Keywords: Hawken and Kleiman, 2009; understanding of the relationship between their (probationers) behavior and official responses; consequences; graduated sanctions; financial concerns; monitor compliance; facilitators and challenges to implementation; unique

Affiliations:  1: Pennsylvania State University; 2: RTI International; 3: RTI International; 4: SUNY Cortland.

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